Completion of first year requirements with no failures. Students must have an average of at least 70% in 3.0 principal courses, including:
0.5 course from: Physics 1028A/B
, or the former Physics 1020 or 1024.
1.0 course from: Calculus 1000A/B
, Calculus 1301A/B
, Mathematics 1225A/B
, Statistical Sciences 1024A/B
, Applied Mathematics 1201A/B
or the former Calculus 1100A/B or 1201A/B, Linear Algebra 1600A/B. If not completed in first year, the Mathematics requirement must be completed by the end of second year.
: Biochemistry 2280A
, Biology 2290F/G
.0.5 course: Chemistry 2213A/B
.0.5 course: Biology 2601A/B
, or the former Biology 2660A/B or 2672A/B.0.5 course
from: Biology 2244A/B
, Statistical Sciences 2244A/B
or the former 2122A/B. Students may substitute Statistical Sciences 2035
or Psychology 2810
for this 0.5 course.4.0 courses
at the 2200 level or above*, chosen from the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Sciences disciplines (see below), of which at least 3.0 courses must be chosen from the Department of Biology. A maximum of 1.0 course may be at the 2200-2999 level and at least 1.5 of these courses must have a laboratory component.1.5 courses
from any 4000-level Biology course.0.5 courses
from the following: Biology 4920F/G
(Students registered in Biology 4999E
can satisfy this 0.5 credit with any 4000-level Biology course).
Basic Medical Sciences Disciplines: Anatomy and Cell Biology, Biochemistry, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Medical Biophysics, Microbiology and Immunology, Pathology, Physiology, and Pharmacology.
Courses in History of Science are not included.
* The former Microbiology and Immunology 2100A and/or Pharmacology 2060A/B
may be taken to satisfy this requirement.
1. If students take Statistical Sciences 2035
or Psychology 2810
instead of Biology 2244A/B
or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B
or the former Statistical Sciences 2122A/B, the module becomes 10.5 courses.
2. Many 4000-level Biology courses require the completion of 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above.
3. Students with specific Biology interests should visit the departmental
website for course recommendations in various disciplines or contact a Biology Academic Counsellor.