Academic Calendar - 2018

Western University Academic Calendar. - 2018

Courses


Course Numbering

0001-0999* Pre-University level introductory courses
1000-1999 Year 1 courses
2000-4999 Senior-level undergraduate courses
5000-5999 Professional Degree courses in Dentistry, Education, Law, Medicine and Theology (MTS, MDiv)
6000-6999 Courses offered by Continuing Studies
9000-9999 Graduate Studies courses

* These courses are equivalent to pre-university introductory courses and may be counted for credit in the student's record, unless these courses were taken in a preliminary year. They may not be counted toward essay or breadth requirements, or used to meet modular admission requirements unless it is explicitly stated in the Senate-approved outline of the module.


Suffixes

no suffix 1.0 course not designated as an essay course
A 0.5 course offered in first term
B 0.5 course offered in second term
A/B 0.5 course offered in first and/or second term
E 1.0 essay course
F 0.5 essay course offered in first term
G 0.5 essay course offered in second term
F/G 0.5 essay course offered in first and/or second term
H 1.0 accelerated course (8 weeks)
J 1.0 accelerated course (6 weeks)
K 0.75 course
L 0.5 graduate course offered in summer term (May - August)
Q/R/S/T 0.25 course offered within a regular session
U 0.25 course offered in other than a regular session
W/X 1.0 accelerated course (full course offered in one term)
Y 0.5 course offered in other than a regular session
Z 0.5 essay course offered in other than a regular session

Glossary


Prerequisite

A course that must be successfully completed prior to registration for credit in the desired course.


Corequisite

A course that must be taken concurrently with (or prior to registration in) the desired course.


Antirequisite

Courses that overlap sufficiently in course content that both cannot be taken for credit.


Essay Courses

Many courses at Western have a significant writing component. To recognize student achievement, a number of such courses have been designated as essay courses and will be identified on the student's record (E essay full course; F/G/Z essay half-course).


Principal Courses

A first year course that is listed by a department offering a module as a requirement for admission to the module. For admission to an Honors Specialization module or Double Major modules in an Honors Bachelor degree, at least 3.0 courses will be considered principal courses.



Campus





Course Level






Course Type




Biology


In-depth study of the concepts and processes in biological systems. Students will study theory and conduct investigations in the areas of biochemistry, metabolic processes, molecular genetics, homeostasis, and population dynamics. Emphasis will be placed the development of skills and knowledge needed for further study Biology and related fields.

Antirequisite(s): Grade 12U Biology or any university level Biology course.

Prerequisite(s): High School Biology (Grade 11 Advanced Level or equivalent) and registration in the Preliminary Year program at Brescia University College.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 1.00
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The concepts and processes of biological systems up to the cellular level. This course explores basic chemistry and the molecules of life, membrane and cell structure and function, enzymes and reactions, photosynthesis, DNA, protein synthesis, and mitosis and meiosis. Biology 0011A/B and Biology 0012A/B in combination are equivalent to Ontario Grade 12U Biology.

Antirequisite(s): Ontario High School SBI4U or equivalent, Biology 0010, any university-levelBiology course.

Prerequisite(s): Registration in a Preliminary Year program at Brescia University College.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The concepts and processes of biological systems at the levels of the organism, population and ecosystem. This course explores genetics and inheritance, evolution and ecology, plant structure and function, animal structure and systems, and diversity of life. Biology 0011A/B and Biology 0012A/B in combination are equivalent to Ontario Grade 12U Biology.

Antirequisite(s): Ontario High School SBI4U or equivalent, Biology 0010, any university-level Biology course.

Prerequisite(s): registration in a Preliminary Year program at Brescia University College. Pre-or Corequisite(s): Biology 0011A/B strongly recommended.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The principles of biology taught using an integrative, question-based approach. Topics include inheritance, evolution and ecology. This course is intended for students registered in the Faculty of Science.

Antirequisite(s): Biology 1201A, Biology 1225.

Prerequisite(s): Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department. A minimum mark of 80% in Grade 12 U Biology (SB14U) is recommended for students registered in a faculty other than the Faculty of Science.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. Note: The combination of Biology 1001A and Biology 1002B (with appropriate marks) are the prerequisites for senior Biology courses and admission to modules offered by the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Science Departments.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The principles of biology taught using an integrative, question-based approach. This course is primarily intended for students enrolled in the Faculty of Science. Topics include enzyme structure/function, membrane structure/function, bioenergetics, photosynthesis, respiration, molecular genetics.

Antirequisite(s): Biology 1202B, Biology 1225.

Prerequisite(s): Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department. A minimum mark of 80% in Grade 12U Biology (SB14U) is recommended for students registered in a faculty other than the Faculty of Science.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. Note: The combination of Biology 1001A and Biology 1002B (with appropriate marks) are the prerequisites for senior Biology courses and admission to modules offered by the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Science departments.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course provides an understanding of fundamental biological concepts with emphasis on function in and relevance to humans. Topics include inheritance, evolution, ecology, behaviour, ecosystem health. This course is not available to students enrolled in the Faculty of Science (students registered in the Faculty of Science should select Biology 1001A).

Antirequisite(s): Biology 1001A, Biology 1225.

Prerequisite(s): Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. Note: The combination of Biology 1201A and Biology 1202B (with the appropriate marks) can be a prerequisite for senior Biology courses and admission to modules offered by the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Science departments.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course provides an understanding of fundamental biological concepts with emphasis on function in and relevance to humans. Topics include molecular genetics, physiology, bioenergetics. This course is not available to students enrolled in the Faculty of Science (students registered in the Faculty of Science should select Biology 1002B).

Antirequisite(s): Biology 1002B, Biology 1225.

Prerequisite(s): Grade 12U (SB14U) Biology or Grade 11U (SB13UA) Biology and permission of the Department.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours. Note: The combination of Biology 1201A and Biology 1202B (with appropriate marks) can be a prerequisite for senior Biology courses and admission to modules offered by the Department of Biology and the Basic Medical Science departments.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A study of the whole organism with emphasis on organization, growth, development, integration, reproduction and heredity.


Extra Information: 3 lecture hours. Biology 1225 is not intended to serve as a prerequisite for other Biology courses and will not fulfill the requirements for entry into the Biology modules. Offered only by Distance Studies.

Course Weight: 1.00
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A course intended for non-scientists who want to make sense of life from a biological point of view. We will cover all levels from genes to ecosystems, and the biology behind current environmental and societal issues through case studies and discussions. Students will learn to read/interpret a scientific paper.


Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The fundamental principles of biology with emphasis on cell function and the role of microorganisms in public health, sanitation, food, and nutrition. Restricted to Food and Nutrition modules or by permission of the Department of Biology.

Prerequisite(s): Grade 12U (SBI4U) Biology.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour. Note: May not be taken for credit by students registered in any modules offered by either the Faculty of Science or the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An introduction to economically important plants and their products, especially as sources of food, fuel, drugs and industrial raw materials. National and international programs relating to food and other plant resources.

Prerequisite(s): Either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X; or registration in Foods and Nutrition modules.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Measurement, sampling, estimation, and statistical hypothesis testing are considered: theory, intuitive background, and practical relevance will be stressed.


Prerequisite(s): 1.0 Mathematics course or equivalent numbered 1000 or above.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours. This half course may be used to meet the statistics requirement in the B.Sc. Biology modules. It may NOT be used in any degree as a 2000-level half course in Biology with a laboratory component.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A laboratory course designed to promote understanding of the scientific method by acquainting students with selected technical and conceptual tools that will enable them to generate, analyze and communicate data from experimental investigations of their own design in the areas of cell biology, population biology and genetics.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X.

Extra Information: 6 laboratory hours. Mandatory course in most modules offered by the Department of Biology.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Molecular and structural organization of cells in relation to function. Composition and dynamics of the plasma membrane and membrane-bound compartments in cells. Synthesis and trafficking of proteins. Cytoskeleton and cell motility. Membrane receptors in signal and energy transduction, cell-cell adhesion and recognition. Excitable membranes.

Prerequisite(s): Either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B; Chemistry 1301A/B and Chemistry 1302A/B or the former Chemistry 1100A/B and the former Chemistry 1200B. Integrated Science 1001X with a minimum mark of 60% can be used as a prerequisite in place of Biology 1002B and Chemistry 1302A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour. Mandatory course in most modules offered by the Department of Biology.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The biology of vertebrates including evolution and structural adaptation in a variety of vertebrates. Emphasis will be on features of animal biology unique to the vertebrates.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An introduction to ecology, the scientific study of the interactions that determine the distribution and abundance of plants, animals, and microorganisms. Ecological concepts at the organism, population and ecosystem levels will be considered, including tolerance limits, life history evolution, competition, predation, population growth and control, and ecosystem dynamics.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour. Mandatory course in most modules offered by the Department of Biology.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Basic principles of environmental biology, human ecology, ecosystem structure and function. Human population growth and its impact on soil, water, energy, agriculture and natural populations of plants and animals. Environmental problems created by resource exploitation and possible solutions.

Prerequisite(s): Either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The structure, transmission and expression of genetic elements in prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms and populations.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X; Biochemistry 2280A.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour. Mandatory course in most modules offered by the Department of Biology.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course provides a general background in the mechanisms and consequences of physiological processes in plants and animals. It will take an integrated approach and include a comparative context, wherever possible. It will include hands-on laboratory work with both plants and animals.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course provides an introduction to the fungi with emphasis on their biology, ecology, genetics and interactions with other organisms, including humans and their crops. Emphasis is on the true fungi, including yeasts, with brief treatment of other fungus-like microbes of the Kingdoms Chromalveolata and Amoebozoa.

Prerequisite(s): At least 1.0 course in Biology at the 2200-level or higher.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of the Department of Biology. See the departmental office in January of each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This course may be used as a half laboratory course.

Extra Information: Sessions and hours by arrangement.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X, and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours. 1 tutorial/lecture hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Selected topics of current interest in Biology. The topics may vary each year. Specific topics will be available from the Department prior to registration.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X, and at least one half course in Biology at the 2200 level or above, or permission of the Department.

Extra Information: 3 hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An introduction to animal phyla focused on understanding the diversity of body plans across the animal kingdom. Characteristics defining major animal groups, and key evolutionary designs and innovations are discussed in relation to ecology and life habits. Both extant, and some fossil, forms will be considered to illustrate animal evolution.

Prerequisite(s): At least 1.0 course from: Biology 2290F/G, Biology 2382A/B, Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2581A/B, Biology 2601A/B and registration in third or fourth year.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The functional organization and physiology of cells with special reference to cellular membranes, energetics, cell motility, cell specializations, and cell-cell interactions. The course is based on the interpretation of experimental observations.


Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 demonstration/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Training in current cell biological methods such as tissue culture, cell fractionation, computer-assisted microscopic analysis and immunocytochemistry.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2290F/G, Biochemistry 2280A; a minimum mark of 70% in Biology 2382A/B.

Extra Information: 5 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Principles underlying the molecular, biochemical, and cellular mechanisms by which an organism develops. Classic and contemporary perspectives in embryology and development.


Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will cover a range of environmental, physiological, and pathological stresses common to animal systems. The focus will be on evolutionary conserved cell stress responses, individual signaling pathways and the molecules controlling the action of specific stress stimuli.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2382A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A study of the flora and vegetation of Southwestern Ontario, teaching the elements of plant classification, identification, distribution, and conservation. Students will become familiar with the dominant native and non-native flora, and the basis of their distribution as affected by geology, climate and anthropogenic changes. Some local field work included. Note: This course will be offered in odd years.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course provides an introduction to the major groups of photosynthetic organisms - now classified in three Domains and numerous Kingdoms. These organisms feed the world, produce many of today's medicines, and provide numerous ecosystem functions. Lectures emphasize diversity, evolutionary relationships and importance, and labs emphasize morphology and recognition.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1001A or Biology 1201A and a minimum mark of 60% in either Biology 1002B or Biology 1202B or Integrated Science 1001X.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours. Offered in alternate years.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The life history consequences of behavioral, physiological, and morphological adaptations. Ecological aspects of reproduction and growth. Energetics and the use of physiological indices in ecological studies.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Introduction to the science of animal behavior with emphasis on the evolution and adaptive nature of behavior. A comparative experimental approach is used to illustrate topics such as the development, control, and organization of behavior, foraging, predation, mate choice, mating systems, parental care, communication, and social behavior.

Antirequisite(s): Psychology 3221F/G.

Prerequisite(s): One of the following: Biology 2244A/B, Statistical Sciences 2244A/B, Psychology 2810. Pre-or Corequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Knowing how many individuals of a given species there are and identifying the factors that cause population numbers to change is fundamental for conservation, fisheries, forestry, and managing everything from pest insects to pandas. This course combines the central tenets of population ecology with hands-on techniques for its practical application.


Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course introduces fundamental concepts and issues in conservation biology. We explore the three prongs of conservation including: (1) the science involved in conserving biodiversity; (2) the political systems that directly affect conservation; (3) how to access the political system to maximize the probability of implementing conservation programs.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An introduction to the use of molecular tools in addressing both basic and applied questions in ecological research, including population, behavioural, community and ecosystem ecology. Lectures and student-led seminars develop basic knowledge and theory underlying molecular ecology, and present many recent case studies from the primary literature.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lectures hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An integrative approach to ecology, stressing the structure and function of communities. Theoretical explanations for diversity, stability and productivity across a variety of community types are evaluated in light of empirical evidence.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The application of ecological principles to the management of wildlife species. Topics include techniques, harvest, predation, habitat loss and management, stocking and reintroductions, and economics of wildlife. Identification and biology of game, pest and furbearing species in laboratories; films are used frequently.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The study of evolution in large and small random and non-random mating populations, showing discrete and quantitative inheritance. The roles and importance of mutation, inbreeding, drift, selection and linkage.

Prerequisite(s): One of Biology 2244A/B, Statistical Sciences 2244A/B, Psychology 2810; Biology 2581A/B; or permission of the Department.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Evolutionary concepts taught using the framework of reproduction. Topics include evolution of various forms of reproduction, sex, the cost and consequences of different mating systems, sexual antagonism, egg-sperm co-evolution, reproductive isolation between species. Current understanding of the genetic basis of evolutionary aspects of reproduction will also be discussed.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum of 60% in Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will examine how plants and animals use chemical cues to find essential resources, defend against natural enemies, locate suitable mates, and maintain social systems. How chemical ecology may be used to elucidate basic ecological problems and to provide more environmentally friendly pest management practices will also be discussed.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B, Chemistry 1301A/B and Chemistry 1302A/B or the former Chemistry 1100A/B and the former Chemistry 1200B.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course considers the large-scale patterns in the Earth's biota: patterns in life's diversification and extinction, changing the biota through time; patterns in the form and functioning of organisms, reflected in biological classification; patterns in the global distribution of life's lineages, and in their major responses to Earth's diverse climate.

Prerequisite(s): At least 1.0 course from: Biology 2290F/G, Biology 2382A/B, Biology 2483A/B, Biology 2581A/B, Biology 2601A/B and registration in third or fourth year.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Genetic principles and their application to humans. Special attention will be directed to the genetic variation in our species, mutations, mechanisms of gene expression, and mapping the human genome.

Prerequisite(s): Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An accounting of the principles in genetics that have led to advances in animal and plant breeding earlier in this century; recombinant DNA and other technologies employed in contemporary biotechnology; and the basis for continued progress in genetic engineering.

Prerequisite(s): Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will cover concepts related to DNA organization, replication, mutagenesis and repair in both prokaryotic and eukaryotic organisms. Lecture topics will include current literature in DNA mutagenesis and repair designed to permit direct examination of concepts, experimental design, methodology, data analysis and future trends.

Prerequisite(s): Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will use examples from diverse biological systems to expand basic genetic principles such as mutation, recombination, gene and genome evolution, complex inheritance and functional genomics. Current research information will be used to inform discussion of the implication and applications of these topics.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum grade of 70% in Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A practical introduction to modern experimental approaches in genetics and molecular biology as applied to such topics as genomics (gene identification and classification), functional genomics (genome expression profiles) and bioinformatics (computational genomic analysis).

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 70% in each of Biology 2290F/G and Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture/tutorial hours, 4 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A discussion of the genetic material and molecular mechanisms governing its expression in a variety of organisms.

Prerequisite(s): Biochemistry 2280A; Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 lecture/tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The roles of genes and genetic variation in the evolution and expression of animal behaviour are examined. Major themes include the population genetics and quantitative genetics of behaviour, the molecular biology of gene discovery, and the evolution of behavioural traits, including social traits, as studied through vertebrate and invertebrate model systems.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2581A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will examine the form and function of physiological and biochemical systems in the vast diversity of non-human animals. It will emphasize the importance of phylogeny and environmental selective pressures on the evolution of these systems.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 2601A/B.

Extra Information: 3 lectures hours, 2 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course explores the mechanisms, integration and evolution of physiological and biochemical systems within animals. By using a comparative approach, we will explore the diversity of evolutionary 'strategies' adopted by phylogenetically distinct animals. Animals thriving in extreme environments will be featured. Human physiology will be discussed only briefly.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 60% in Biology 2601A/B

Extra Information: 3 lectures hours, 2 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course introduces students to the physiological mechanisms governing the success and distribution of plants in different environments. Specific topics covered will include leaf energy balance, photosynthesis, water transport and mineral nutrition. This course will provide background information for further courses in plant ecology or plant physiology.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2601A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lectures hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Training in current techniques used in physiology and biochemistry. Emphasis is placed on the functional integration of systems from the molecules to the whole organism level and the assignment of function to genes. Techniques include chromatography, electrophoresis, protein and nucleic acid blotting, enzyme assays and whole organism or organelle measurements.


Extra Information: 1 lecture/tutorial hour, 5 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Plants are photoautotrophs and biosynthesize all of their metabolites using CO2, water, micronutrients and sunlight. This course surveys the major metabolic pathways of plants, including primary (C, N, S and P assimilation, amino acid and nucleotide biosynthesis) and secondary (alkaloids, phenolics, terpeniods) metabolism, with emphasis on enzyme and pathway regulation.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2601A/B or permission of the Department.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Taught at an advanced undergraduate level. The specific topics taught may vary each year. Consult the Department of Biology for information about the current offering.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Plant diseases caused by abiotic and biotic factors with emphasis on effects of important pathogenic viruses, bacteria and fungi. Relationships between host, pathogen and environmental factors, epidemiology and methods of control.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3218F/G, or permission of the Department.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The ecological and physiological challenges posed to animal communities of marine (including intertidal, benthic, planktonic, coral reef and deep-sea) environments. Topics include: feeding, movement, defence, developmental and life cycle strategies of animals in these environments. Invertebrate examples dominate discussion but a previous course in invertebrate zoology is not a prerequisite.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above.

Extra Information: 3 lecture/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A characterization of ecosystems, contaminants, and the human health concerns. Course material will cover the production, transport, transformation and fate of environmental contaminants, with an emphasis on their anthropogenic impacts. Emphasis will include the assessment of human health exposure and biomarkers of environmentally associated disease.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B or permission of the instructor or registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization offered by the Department of Biology, Environmental Science or the Basic Medical Sciences Department or a Major in Ecosystem Health.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of the Department. See the Department of Biology office in January each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This may be used as a half laboratory course.

Extra Information: Sessions and hours by arrangement.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Specialized field courses given by biologists from Ontario universities at various times during the year. Students should be prepared to meet travel and living expenses.

Prerequisite(s): Permission of the Department. See the Department of Biology office in January each year for list of offerings, requirements, and credits. This may be used as a half laboratory course.

Extra Information: Sessions and hours by arrangement.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will equip students with some of the basics of experimental design and statistical analysis useful for understanding, conducting and presenting biological research. The emphasis is on practical application rather than theory, and on problems of particular concern in biological studies.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2244A/B or Statistical Sciences 2244A/B (see note); and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours. Note: Statistical Sciences 2035, Statistical Sciences 2141A/B or Psychology 2810 will be acceptable for this requirement until September 18, 2018.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course focuses on using interdisciplinary systems-level methods to understand both biochemical reaction networks and gene regulatory networks. The application of systems level knowledge to the emerging discipline of synthetic biology also forms a major component of the course.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An overview of modern approaches to the classification and identification of living organisms, dealing with such topics as molecular evolution, the theory of biological systematics, phylogenetics, DNA fingerprinting, the Tree of Life and Barcoding projects, and bioinformatics.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2581A/B and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Topics will focus on current areas in cell biology and may vary each year. Prior to registration, check with the Department of Biology for specific topics.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3316A/B, Biology 3338A/B, and completion of at least one additional half course in Biology course at the 3000-level or above; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 2 lectures hours per week.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An analysis of specific topics in the embryology and development of model organisms. The course will focus primarily on genetic and biochemical pathways which have been conserved between distantly related organisms.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum grade of 75% in Biology 3338A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/ tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Aging is an extremely complex multifactoral process governed by genetic, epigenetic and environmental factors. This course will explore current topics including: model organisms to study aging, identification of "aging genes", longevity variation among different species, signalling pathways and the role of reactive oxygen species in aging and age-associated diseases.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3316A/B and enrollment in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology or the Basic Medical Science departments.

Extra Information: Completion of one of the following courses is recommended: Biology 3338A/B, Biology 3592A/B, Biology 3595A/B, Biology 3597A/B. 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course traces the flow of water, energy, and nutrients from their abiotic origins, to their cycles through microbes, plants, and animals. This course will synthesize current advances in ecology with established theory to offer a comprehensive survey of ecosystem pattern and process.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2483A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The theory and practice of restoration of habitats for native biodiversity. Topics include ecosystem functioning and relationships at various spatial scales as applied to restoration, invasive species management and reclamation of contaminated sites. The value of ecosystem services, financial and practical considerations will be discussed.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3442F/G and Biology 3445F/G.

Extra Information: 3 lecture/lab hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A consideration of the major aspects of biodiversity, including the approaches and techniques used for its measurement, assessment, monitoring and management. Biodiversity will be viewed from the level of the gene through species to ecosystems. The causes of biodiversity loss and its ecological and socio-economic impacts will also be discussed.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3445F/G.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 2 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An introduction to external and internal insect anatomy and fundamentals of insect physiology. The course will also examine how variations in morphological and physiological traits allow insects to exploit diverse habitats worldwide. The laboratory component will focus on the characteristics of major insect orders and families.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3484A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A study of the relationships between animal behavior, ecology and evolution. Topics include: behavioral genetics and learning; mating systems, reproductive strategies and parental investment; foraging behavior, predation and competition; social groups and communication.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3436F/G or Psychology 3221F/G and either completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses from the 3000 level or above, or registration in year 4 of the Honors Specialization in Animal Behaviour.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/seminar hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A critical examination of topics in evolutionary biology such as levels of selection, speciation, patterns of diversification, origin and radiation of selected groups, biogeography, and taxonomy and phylogeny.

Prerequisite(s): Either completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses from the 3000-level or above, or registration in Year 4 of the Honors Specialization in Animal Behaviour; or special permission from the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 laboratory/discussion hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Topics will focus on current areas in Genetics and may vary each year. Prior to registration, check with the Department for specific topics.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 Biology course at the 3500-level and completion of at least one additional half course in Biology at the 3000-level or above; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 2 lectures hours per week.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The course will present concepts, techniques and approaches that represent basis for the field of modern genomics. The course focus is on the power of genomic and whole genome sequencing as a tool to understand whole genome regulation, expression and interactions between different genomes and discuss experimental design in genomics.

Prerequisite(s): 1.0 course from: Biology 3592A/B, Biology 3593A/B, Biology 3594A/B, Biology 3595A/B, Biology 3596A/B, Biology 3597A/B, Biology 3598A/B; and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A comparative analysis of genetics principles underlying axial patterning, sex determination, epigenetic phenomena and other developmental pathways in a select group of model organisms.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3338A/B.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 3 tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will offer an up-to-date examination of the current status of human genetics with emphasis on the molecular information. The specific course content is expected to change from year to year reflecting research progress, including the human genome project.

Antirequisite(s): Biochemistry 4463B.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3592A/B and Biology 3596A/B; one additional 0.5 course in Biology at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology or a Major in Genetics.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An examination of the current concepts of organization, transmission and expression of eukaryotic genes in the context of the chromosome. Topics to be covered include chromatin organization and composition, genomic rearrangements, techniques for mapping genes and manipulating genomes.

Prerequisite(s): Biology 3596A/B; and one of the following: Biology 3594A/B, Biology 3595A/B, Biology 3597A/B; and one additional 0.5 course in Biology at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module or a Major in Genetics offered through the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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An examination of our understanding of the organization, structure and function of the genes and genomes of plants, emphasizing recent developments in plant molecular genetics involving model organisms. Topics include plant gene expression, mapping of plant genes, molecular tools for DNA transfer, the interrelationship of nuclear, mitochondrial and chloroplast genes.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module or a Major in Genetics offered through the Department of Biology; or permission of the instructor.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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This course will explore the diversity of genomic architecture across the eukaryotic tree of life. You will examine strange and bizarre genomes – genomes that break all the rules. Discussion will involve controversial hypotheses about genome evolution and the scientists who developed them.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 2 lecture hours, 1 tutorial/lecture hour.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Project-based inquiry focused on refining the laboratory skills of senior genetics students. Experimental approaches will include analysis of gene expression using modern tools and techniques.

Antirequisite(s): The former Biology 4582.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum mark of 70% in each of Biology 3596A/B and 1.0 course from: Biology 3466A/B, Biology 3592A/B, Biology 3593A/B, Biology 3594A/B, Biology 3595A/B, Biology 3597A/B, Biology 3598A/B; and registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Genetics or permission of the Genetics Undergraduate Coordinator.

Extra Information: 4 laboratory hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Analysis of the primary literature on the physiological responses of plants to the environment. Topics include plant hormones and stress responses. Students will be encouraged to think broadly about plant biology, both its role in society (e.g. food safety and security, alternative fuels) and the scientific process (experimental design, publication).

Prerequisite(s): Biology 2601A/B; registration in a Biology module and completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000-level or above. Biology 3603A/B and Biology 3660A/B are recommended.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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The study of animal migration, focusing on migration as a life history trait, integrating physiology and biochemistry with ecological and evolutionary processes.

Prerequisite(s): either Biology 2601A/B or Physiology 3120; and either completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses from the 3000-level or above, or registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization in Animal Behaviour.

Extra Information: 3 lecture hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Current research in biology critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments.

Antirequisite(s): Biology 4944F/G, Biology 4950F/G, the former Biology 4930F/G, the former Biology 4931F/G.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 3 seminar/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Current research in ecology and evolution critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments.

Antirequisite(s): Biology 4920F/G, Biology 4950F/G, the former Biology 4930F/G, the former Biology 4931F/G.

Prerequisite(s): Completion of at least 1.5 Biology courses at the 3000 level or above and registration in Year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology.

Extra Information: 3 lecture/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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Current research in genetics critically reviewed and discussed through a combination of student presentations and written assignments.

Antirequisite(s): Biology 4920F/G, Biology 4944F/G, the former Biology 4930F/G, the former Biology 4931F/G.

Prerequisite(s): A minimum grade of 70% in Biology 3596A/B and enrollment in year 4 of the Honors Specialization in Genetics, or permission of the Genetics Undergraduate Coordinator.

Extra Information: 3 seminar/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A project course in a particular field under the direction of a faculty member.

Antirequisite(s): Biology 4999E.

Prerequisite(s): Registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered by the Department of Biology or an Honors Double Major in Biology (which includes a Major in Biology). Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. A current listing of projects is available from the Biology Department Office. See research notice boards for areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available.

Extra Information: 8 laboratory/tutorial hours.

Course Weight: 0.50
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A major laboratory or field project in Biology that emphasizes experimental design, instrumentation, collection and analysis of data and communication of experimental results by oral and written presentations.

Antirequisite(s): Biology 4970F/G.

Prerequisite(s): Registration in year 4 of an Honors Specialization module offered through the Department of Biology. Students must have arranged a project with a supervisor before completing registration. In the Spring see Biology notice boards for research areas of specialization of the faculty and fields available.

Extra Information: Minimum 15 laboratory hours per week and during the first term an additional 2 seminar hours per week.

Course Weight: 1.50
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